1 thin and fit; "the spare figure of a marathon runner"; "a body kept trim by exercise" [syn: trim]
2 more than is needed, desired, or required; "trying to lose excess weight"; "found some extra change lying on the dresser"; "yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"; "skills made redundant by technological advance"; "sleeping in the spare room"; "supernumerary ornamentation"; "it was supererogatory of her to gloat"; "delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"; "extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts"; "surplus cheese distributed to the needy" [syn: excess, extra, redundant, supererogatory, superfluous, supernumerary, surplus]
3 just sufficient; "the library had a spare but efficient look"
4 not taken up by scheduled activities; "a free hour between classes"; "spare time on my hands" [syn: free]
5 kept in reserve especially for emergency use; "a reserve supply of food"; "a spare tire"; "spare parts" [syn: reserve(a)]
6 lacking in amplitude or quantity; "a bare livelihood"; "a scanty harvest"; "a spare diet" [syn: bare(a), scanty]
1 an extra component of a machine or other apparatus [syn: spare part]
2 an extra car wheel and tire for a four-wheel vehicle [syn: fifth wheel]
3 a score in tenpins; knocking down all ten after rolling two balls
1 refrain from harming [syn: save]
2 save or relieve from an experience or action; "I'll spare you from having to apologize formally"
3 give up what is not strictly needed; "he asked if they could spare one of their horses to speed his journey" [syn: give up, part with, dispense with]
4 use frugally or carefully
- a UK /ˈspɛə(ɹ)/
Etymology 1etyl ang spær
- scanty; not abundant or plentiful; as, a spare diet.
- sparing; frugal; parsimonious; chary.
- Being over and above what is necessary, or what must be used or reserved; not wanted, or not used; superfluous; as, I have no spare time.
- Held in reserve, to be used in an emergency; as, a spare anchor; a spare bed or room.
- lean; wanting flesh; meager; thin; gaunt.
being over and above what is necessary
- Russian: лишний
- The act of sparing; moderation; restraint.
- Parsimony; frugal use.
- An opening in a petticoat or gown; a placket.
- That which has not been used or expended.
- The right of bowling again at a full set of pins, after having knocked all the pins down in less than three bowls. If all the pins are knocked down in one bowl it is a double spare; in two bowls, a single spare.
- The act of knocking down all remaining pins in second ball of a frame; this entitles the pins knocked down on the next ball to be added to the score for that frame.
Etymology 2etyl ang sparian
- To be frugal; not to be profuse; to live frugally; to be parsimonious.
- To refrain from inflicting harm; to use mercy or forbearance.
- To desist; to stop; to refrain.
- To keep to one's self; to forbear to impart or give.
- To preserve from danger or punishment; to forbear to punish, injure, or harm; to show mercy to.
- To save or gain, as by frugality; to reserve, as from some occupation, use, or duty.
- To deprive one's self of, as by being frugal; to do without; to dispense with; to give up; to part with.
Spare may refer to:
Lenten, Scotch, Spartan, abandon, abjure, absolve, abstain, abstain from, abstemious, accessory, additional, afford, agent, allow, alternate, alternative, amnesty, analogy, ancillary, angular, another, as a bonus, ascetic, austere, auxiliary, avoid, award, backup, balance, bald, bare, basic, bear, bestow, bonus, bony, cadaverous, candid, canny, careful, casual, cede, change, changeling, chary, chaste, cheeseparing, collateral, common, commonplace, comparison, conserve, conserved, conserving, contributory, copy, copyright, counterfeit, de trop, deliver, deputy, direct, discharge, disgorge, dispensable, dispense, dispense from, dispense with, dispose of, dividend, do without, donate, double, drop, dry, dull, dummy, dump, dwarfed, dwarfish, economic, economizing, elementary, endure, equal, equivalent, ersatz, eschew, essential, except, excess, exchange, exculpate, excuse, exempt, exiguous, exonerate, expendable, expletive, extra, fake, farther, fill-in, flat, flat-chested, fleshless, for lagniappe, forbear, forehanded, forgive, forgo, forsake, forswear, frank, free, fresh, frugal, fundamental, further, gangling, gangly, gaunt, gawky, get along without, get rid of, ghost, ghostwriter, give, give absolution, give away, give dispensation from, give quarter, give up, grant amnesty to, grant forgiveness, grant immunity, grant remission, gratuitous, gratuity, guard, have done with, have mercy upon, have pity, held, held back, held in reserve, held out, hold, hold aloof from, hold back, hold off, homely, homespun, homogeneous, idle, imitation, impoverished, in abeyance, in addition, in excess, in hand, in reserve, incidental, indivisible, irreducible, jejune, keep, keep alive, keep back, keep from, keep in hand, keep intact, keep inviolate, keep safe, keep up, kept, kiss good-bye, labor-saving, lagniappe, lank, lanky, lay aside, lay away, lay by, lay in, lay up, lean, lean-fleshed, lean-looking, left, leftover, leisure, leisured, let alone, let go, let go by, let have, let off, let up on, liberate, limited, locum tenens, maintain, make a sacrifice, makeshift, margin, matter-of-fact, meager, mean, melt, mere, metaphor, metonymy, mint, miserly, mock, modest, money-saving, monolithic, more, more than enough, narrow, natural, neat, needless, net, never touch, new, next best thing, niggardly, nonessential, not destroy, not endanger, not expend, not touch, not use, not use up, not waste, occasional, odd, of a piece, off, open, original, other, out-of-the-way, outstanding, over, over and above, overage, overmeasure, overplus, overrun, overset, overstock, oversupply, paltry, pardon, parsimonious, part with, part-time, pass up, patent, penny-wise, personnel, phony, pinch, pinch hitter, plain, plain-speaking, plain-spoken, pleonastic, plus, poor, pourboire, preserve, preserved, primal, primary, pristine, prolix, prosaic, prosing, prosy, protect, provident, provisional, proxy, prudent, prudential, puny, pure, pure and simple, put aside, put by, quitclaim, rawboned, recant, redeem, redundant, refrain, refrain from, register, relax, release, relent, relief, relieve, relinquish, remainder, remaining, remanent, remise, remit, render up, renounce, replacement, representative, reprieve, rescue, reserve, reserved, reserves, resign, retained, retired, retract, ringer, rustic, sacrifice, salt away, save, save the necessity, saved, saving, scant, scanty, scraggy, scrawny, scrimp, scrimping, scrimpy, second string, secondary, semiretired, severe, short, shrive, shun, side, sign, simon-pure, simple, simple-speaking, single, skeletal, skimp, skimping, skimpy, skinny, slender, slight, slim, small, sober, something extra, spare the price, spares, sparing, sparse, spidery, spindling, spindly, stand, stand aloof from, stand-in, stark, starvation, stingy, stint, stinted, stopgap, stored, straightforward, straitened, stunted, sub, subsistence, substituent, substitute, substitution, succedaneum, supererogatory, superfluous, supernumerary, superseder, supplanter, supplemental, supplementary, support, surplus, surplusage, surrender, surrogate, surviving, suspended, sustain, swear off, symbol, synecdoche, take pity on, tautologic, tautologous, temporary, tentative, thaw, thin, thin-bellied, thin-fleshed, third string, thrifty, throw up, tide, time-saving, tip, to spare, token, twiggy, ulterior, unadorned, unaffected, unapplied, unbeaten, uncalled-for, uncluttered, unconsumed, undergo, undersized, understudy, underweight, undifferenced, undifferentiated, unemployed, unessential, unexercised, unexpended, unhandled, uniform, unimaginative, unnecessary, unneeded, unnourishing, unnutritious, unoccupied, unpoetical, unspent, untapped, untouched, untrodden, unused, unutilized, unvarnished, unwasteful, uphold, utility, utility player, vacate, verbose, vicar, vicarious, vice-president, vice-regent, waive, waived, watered, watery, well afford, wiry, withheld, withhold, yield